"Orality, Textuality, and Tradition"
This seminar focuses on questions of orality in relation to authoritative texts and traditions. It will take place under the midnight sun at the Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø. The seminar is open to PhD students within the fields of the Humanities, Law and Theology. The seminar is free of charge, and travel expenses will be covered. Registration is open until April 28, 2019.
Photo: Truls Tiller
Through lectures by leading scholars from various fields, participants will be exposed to a variety of approaches to the relationship between orality, textuality, and tradition, and to corresponding issues of authority and interpretation. As in all ATTR seminars participants will also discuss their ongoing doctoral dissertation work with each other. These discussions relate to ATTR's main overarching theme of Authoritative Texts and Their Reception.
Keynote speaker: Jacqueline Vayntrub, Assistant Professor of Hebrew Bible, Yale University: “The Displaced Voice: Modern Questions of Orality and Ancient Problems of Speech Quotation.”
Academic Skills: A Young CAS Project
- Application deadline: April 28, 2019.
- Before the application deadline, make sure that you have uploaded all necessary attachments:
- The PhD paper that you would like to present at one of the PhD seminars. The paper submitted should be part of your ongoing dissertational work.
- New applicants must also include an abstract of their research project, and a PhD program confirmation.
- The seminar equals 5 ECTS
- The seminar is free of charge and most of your expenses (flight tickets, hotel, most meals) will be reimbursed
- How to participate
(in alphabetical order)
Trude Fonneland, Professor, The Arctic University Museum of Norway, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway: "Exhibitions as Authoritative Texts"
Karl-Gunnar A. Johansson, Professor, Dep. of Linguistics and Scandinavian Studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo: "At the crossroads of oral and written traditions: The appropriation, assimilation and construction of cultural memory"
Arkotong Longkumer, Lecturer in Religious Studies, University of Edinburgh: "'Writing Orality': Stories, Methods, and Crafting Textualities."
Dag Michalsen, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo: "Textual identities of constitutions"
Torjer Olsen, Professor, Centre for Sami Studies, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway: "The curriculum as authoritative text: Curricular definitions and negotiations of citizenship and indigeneity"
Margherita Paola Poto, Post.doc., Faculty of Law, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway: "Indigenous Law and Methodology: an eye opening experience generously funded by YoungCAS 2018"
Jacqueline Vayntrub, Assistant Professor of Hebrew Bible, Yale University: “The Displaced Voice: Modern Questions of Orality and Ancient Problems of Speech Quotation.”
Jon Mattias Åhrén, Professor, Faculty of Law, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway: "Landscapes as documents; writing the history of oral cultures"
(in alphabetical order)
"At the Crossroads of Oral and Written Traditions: The Appropriation, Assimilation and Construction of Cultural Memory"
Orality and literacy are often discussed as oppositions and dicotomic in earlier scholarship. In more recent debate, however, the dicotomy has been challenged and a more multi-facetted understanding of oral and literate traditions has been introduced; the Great Divide has been left behind. This will be one starting point of my presentation. Orality as a pure phenomenon is not available for study, I contend, rather oral traditions have been running parallel to the written material that is extant for the scholar. A second focus will be on memory and the construction of memory in societies where oral traditions as well as written are interrelated and influencing eachother. I intend to treat examples of the construction of memories as appropriation of the past in the manuscript culture, but with examples also from more recent periods to illustrate the vulnerability of oral traditions as well as cultural memories. My presentation will end with some reflections concerning the establishing of editions of historical texts and how these editions in themselves represent instances of the construction of memories and monuments, the appropriation of the past in their own time.
The history of modern constitution is of paramount importance for law, politics, culture and much more. Since modern constitutionalism’s beginnings in the last three decades of the eighteenth century, the idea of a modern constitution has been connected to one written document that represents the basic component in a constitution, thus the constitution concept is connected with texts. But what is a constitutional text? IN order to elaborate this point of departure I underline that a constitution may connect with texts not only as connection between one specific constitution and one written document. Rather I want to discuss five possible connections between constitutions and texts that at the same time will represent a structural history of constitutions. The focus of this discussion will be the Norwegian Constitution of 1814 and its connections with texts up until today.
"The curriculum as authoritative text: Curricular definitions and negotiations of citizenship and indigeneity"
Educational systems have important roles when it comes to the making, articulation, and performance of citizenship. Thus, the curriculum, stating what schools should do, teachers teach, and students learn, is a document that potentially has the power to define and express dynamics of inclusion and exclusion. In the lecture, I will look into and discuss curricular definitions of and negotiations around indigeneity and citizenship, especially when it comes to the practical use of and discussions around the curriculum.
Margherita Paola Poto
The presentation will describe the experience of a workshop funded by the YoungCas in Oslo, that brought together a diverse group of ten leading and young researchers from around the world to explore and raise awareness of critical questions in Indigenous law and methodologies. The first three days were led by Val Napoleon and Rebecca Johnson, two professors with the Indigenous Law Research Unit (ILRU) at the University of Victoria, as they taught the ILRU-developed methodology to revitalise Indigenous legal orders. This methodology starts from the premise that Indigenous people were and are rational beings who are governed by rational laws. However, years of State-organized discriminatory and assimilationist policies have degraded these legal orders. Now is the time to begin the hard work to rebuild Indigenous legal orders. At the heart of this approach is a deep and abiding commitment to identifying, articulating, and applying the intellectual resources from Indigenous legal orders to the work of rebuilding Indigenous citizenries and governance. This workshop includes interactive discussion on the theories, debates, and challenges in the Indigenous law, and a practical hands-on introduction to a specific approach for accessing, understanding, and applying Indigenous laws today.
The last two days saw the other eight workshop participants present on their current or past research projects related to Indigenous peoples and law. The internventions were diverse and fascinating, stretching several disciplines and continents.
"The Displaced Voice: Modern Questions of Orality and Ancient Problems of Speech Quotation"
What distinguishes the oral from the written in ancient literary production? How can contemporary scholars examining and attempting to recover the ancient literary past reconstruct what was oral, or even make sense of such an intangible but seemingly ever-present storehouse of compositions, traditions, and literary practices? A distinction between the “oral” and the “written” seems obvious from a modern perspective—a perspective in which the orally circulated literary tradition finds a distinct social location from the published written word. This distinction, or “Great Divide” between the oral and the written has come under closer scrutiny and critique over the past several decades in contemporary scholarship. Yet the strategies for bridging this divide frequently reemphasize or re-inscribe distinct categories, whether by bridging through a muddier “spectrum” between the oral and the written, or replacing the oral with yet a different but analogous and even more under-theorized category of “memory.” But is this distinction between an oral and a written an ancient distinction, or is it simply a modern identification of categories? Readers of Plato’s Phaedrus frequently cite Socrates’ character in that dialogue as seemingly elevating the oral over the written, critiquing the written text as problematically displacing the traditional, living teacher. But what if in identifying an ancient debate between the written and the oral, “text,” on the one hand, and “tradition” on the other, we have missed the point? What if what Plato’s character of Socrates was getting at was not the medium or the technology of writing, but rather, that such a position on writing reveals an ongoing, cross Mediterranean and Near Eastern debate on the authority and authenticity of quoted speech more generally? Identifying the boundaries of modern categories of the “oral” and the “written” and correlated concerns of media, I will show how these categories have obscured a distinct set of questions that were active and observable from ancient text production: What happens to the voice when it is displaced from the embodied context of the living speaker? What are the various strategies available in ancient text production, both in terms of selection of media and rhetorical presentation, to anticipate and counter concerns of diminished value or authenticity of a quoted voice? From a perspective that seeks to recover ancient concerns and distinguish these concerns from those shaped by our inherited intellectual categories and contemporary concerns, I will show how the very identification of the oral and the written is a secondary concern of media that has obscured a primary metaphysical question surrounding the fate of words when their living embodied speaker no longer speaks them.
Jon Mattias Åhren
As to all scholars, "truth" and "facts" are cornerstones in the social sciences. Not uncommonly though, alternative narratives compete to represent the truth, not least in law. In such competitions, a narrative told by the written word regularly triumphs over one spoken or told by nature. The written is accepted for truth and with time tells history. The unwritten narrative is dismissed as hearsay or legend, and soon gone. Is it necessary right though, to simply assume that a written word is more likely to represent the truth than one told or carved in nature, and, as a consequence, more relevant to the scientist? The lecture offers some thought on these issues.
Seminar guide (.pdf)
Central to all ATTR seminars and summer schools are the PhD fellows’ own presentations of papers based on their dissertation work, with prepared responses by other PhD fellows.
Due to the interdisciplinary nature of ATTR, the focus of the discussions will be primarily on methodological matters and interdisciplinary insights.
The PhD seminars are important means to the ATTR learning goals:
- Writing and presentation skills: The seminars aim not only at providing a setting for constructive discussions relating to thesis work, but also at preparing the candidates for life after their dissertations. ATTR thus aims to hone students’ presentation and writing skills, skills that may be useful for development of research projects for which funding can be sought from, e.g., ERC and RCN.
- Methodology: The objective of ATTR is to create a venue where interpretive methodologies can be critically discussed, evaluated, and developed, so as to broaden the candidates’ perspectives and heighten the quality of their analyses.
- Networking: In all its activities, the creation of an interdisciplinary network of young scholars in order to ensure the highest possible academic quality of PhD education is a central goal of ATTR.
Please contact the ATTR Head of Administration / Leonora O. Bergsjø.