Ingvild Flaskerud

Senior Lecturer - Fagseksjonen
Image of Ingvild Flaskerud
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22850324
Mobile phone 91792519
Visiting address Blindernveien 9 Domus Theologica 0371 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1023 Blindern 0315 OSLO


Academic Interests

Trained as an historian of religion, Flaskerud has done extensive ethnographic field research among Twelver Shia communities in Iran and Northern Europe. Her research on Islam focusses on aspects of Islam as lived religion, with particular attention to lay-people's belief, ritual practices, and their relationship to religious authorities. In particular, she has examined the visual and material culture of Iranian Shia Muslim devotional culture. This interest has been continued into a study of rituals and aesthetics in rituals among the Twelver Shias in Europe. A third topic of interest is religious authority and the role of clerical guides, marja´ taqlid, in the everyday life and religiosity of the emulator, muqallid.

At the Faculty of Theology, Flaskerud is currently involved in developing a research project on a new generation of religious leader.   

Latest publication:

Anthology: Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe (with Richard J. Natvig, The University of Bergen), Routledge 24 August 2017

In spite of Islam’s long history in Europe and the growing number of Muslims resident in Europe, little research exists on Muslim pilgrimage in Europe. This collection of eleven chapters is the first systematic attempt to fill this lacuna in an emerging Research field. Placing the pilgrims’ practices and experiences centre stage, scholars from history, anthropology, religious studies, sociology, and art history examine historical and contemporary hajj and non-hajj pilgrimage to sites outside and within Europe.
We identity four courses of development. Muslims resident in Europe continue to travel to long-established pilgrimage sites outside Europe, particularly to perform hajj and umrah in Mecca, and pay visits (ziyarat) to shrine sites located elsewhere in the Middle-East and North-Africa. Secondly, there is a revival of pilgrimage practices at old Muslim pilgrimage sites in the South-Eastern parts of Europe. Thirdly, new Muslim pilgrimage sites and practices are established in Western Europe. And, fourthly, Muslims express interest in visiting long-established Christian pilgrimage sites in Europe. These practices point to simultaneous processes of continuity, revitalization, and innovation in the practice of Muslim pilgrimage in Europe.


 “Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala”  Produced by Ingvild Flaskerud. 35 min. 2003. DVD. 


* Visual Anthropology. 2009, Vol. 22, Nr.1, pp.71-72.

* British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 2007, Vol.34, No. 2, pp.240-241.

* Hamid Naficy: A Social History of Iranian Cinema. Durham and London: Duke University Press. 2012, Vol. 4 p. 77.


Higher education and employment history

Ingvild Flaskerud holds a Ph.D. from The Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion at the University of Bergen (2008). Her dissertation title was Visualizing Belief and Piety. Representation, Reception and Function of Imagery in Iranian Shiism.  The project was funded by the Norwegian Research Council. (Project Manager: Ingvild Flaskerud).

Between 2013 and 2016 Flaskerud held a Post-doctoral position at The Faculty of Theology. She was member of Scandinavian project, Authority in Contemporary Shi’ite Thought and Practice. The project was funded by Vetenskapsrådet.

Between 2010 and 2013, Flaskerud held a Post-doctoral position at The University of Bergen. She was member of an international research project, Muslim devotional practices, aesthetics and cultural formation in migrancy. The project was funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

Flaskerud has previously been employed as Programme Fellow at The Centre for Peace Studies, University of Tromsø, and as Assistant Professor at the Department of Religious Studies, University of Tromsø (1997-2008).


Editorial Advisory Board

  • Since 2015 Book series: The Shi´ah Institute Symposia Series. London: The Shi´ah Institute Press

Editorial Board

  • Since 2013 Journal of Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia. (ACME) Leiden: Brill.

  • Since 2010 Book series: “Anthropology of Persianate Societies”. Wantage: Sean Kingston Publishing.



Honorary fellow at The Shi'ah Institute. Bloomsbury House, London.


  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2018). `Street Theology?: Vernacular Theology and Muslim Youth in Norway. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.  ISSN 0959-6410. . doi: 10.1080/09596410.2018.1512286
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Leirvik, Oddbjørn Birger (2018). The Study of Islam between University Theology and Lived Religion: Introductory Reflections. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.  ISSN 0959-6410. . doi: 10.1080/09596410.2018.1521561
  • Bøe, Marianne & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2017). A minority in the making: The shia muslim community in Norway. Journal of Muslims in Europe.  ISSN 2211-792X.  6(2), s 179- 197 . doi: 10.1163/22117954-12341347
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2017). Mediating Pilgrimage: pilgrimage remembered and desired in a Norwegian home community., In Ingvild Flaskerud & Richard Johan Natvig (ed.),  Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  2.  s 43 - 57
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Natvig, Richard Johan (2017). Introduction, In Ingvild Flaskerud & Richard Johan Natvig (ed.),  Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  Introduction.  s 1 - 28
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2016). Ritual Creativity and Plurality. Denying Twelver Shia Blood-let Practices, In Ute Hüsken & Udo Simon (ed.),  The Ambivalence of Denial. Danger and Appeal of Rituals.  Harrassowitz Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-447-10570-5.  Chapter.  s 117 - 143
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2015). Aruze Qasem - A Theatrical event in Shia Female Commemorative Rituals., In Fahmida Suleman (ed.),  People of the Prophet's House.  Azimuth Editions.  ISBN 978-1-898592-32-7.  Chapter.  s 202 - 211
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2015). Women Transferring Shia Rituals in Western Migrancy., In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  Women Rituals and Ceremonies in Shiite Iran and Muslim >Communities Methodological and theoretical challenges..  LIT Verlag.  ISBN 978-3643906052.  Kapittel7.  s 115 - 134
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2013). Representing Spiritual and Gendered Space. Challenges in Audiovisual Recording of Iranian Shia Women’s Rituals. Anthropology of Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia.  ISSN 2211-5722.  1(1), s 21- 42
  • Bøe, Marianne & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). "Redaksjonelt". DIN: Religionsvitenskapelig tidsskrift.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Redemptive Memories: Portraiture in the Cult of Commemoration, In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-0-415-52398-1.  Kapittel 1.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Redemptive memories: portraiture in the cult of commemoration. Visual Anthropology.  ISSN 0894-9468.  25(1-2), s 22- 46 . doi: 10.1080/08949468.2012.627830
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Ritualer som mikro-offentligheter. Religions- og samfunnsdebatt i Iran. DIN: Religionsvitenskapelig tidsskrift.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1), s 118- 142
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Sjiaislamske ritualer som mikro-offentligheter : religions- og samfunnsdebatt i Iran. DIN: Religionsvitenskapelig tidsskrift.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1), s 118- 142
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2011). “The Votive Image in Shiism.”, In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  The Art and Material Culture of Iranian Shi'ism: Iconography and Religious Devotion in Shi'i Islam.  I.B. Tauris.  ISBN 978-1-84885-168-9.  Kapittel 6.  s 161 - 178
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Bildebruk og bildestrid i islam. DIN: Religionsvitenskapelig tidsskrift.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (3-4), s 117- 140
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2005). Oh, my heart is sad. It is Moharram, the Month of Zaynab. Aesthetics and Women's Mourning Ceremonies in Shiraz, In Kamran Aghaie (ed.),  The Women of Karbala : Ritual Performance and Symbolic Discourses in Modern Shi'i Islam.  University of Texas Press.  ISBN 0292709366.  Kapittel.  s 65 - 91 Show summary
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Shia-Muslim Women as Ritual Performers in Iran, In Ingvar B. Mæle & Inger Marie Okkenhaug (ed.),  Women and Religion in the Middle East and the Mediterrranean.  Unipub forlag.  ISBN 82-7477-158-3.  Kapittel 6.  s 115 - 134
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Feministisk teologi i en islamsk kontekst, I:  Kritisk kunnskapspraksis - bidrag til feministisk vitenskapsteori.  Spartacus.  Kapittel 11.  s 225 - 240

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  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Natvig, Richard Johan (ed.) (2017). Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe. Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  204 s.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (ed.) (2015). "Flagellation (as a religious ritual)". Brill Academic Publishers.  ISBN 978-90-04-28211-7.  2 s.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Visualising belief and piety in Iranian Shiism. Continuum.  ISBN 978-1-4411-4907-7.  299 s.
  • Okkenhaug, Inger Marie & Flaskerud, Ingvild (ed.) (2005). Gender, Religion and Change. Two Hundred Years of History. Berg Publishers.  ISBN 184520199X.  288 s. Show summary

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  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). If I disagree with my marja´, I change him. The authority of the marja´iya among Shias in Norway.”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). Internal ritual critique and the ambivalence in drawing blood in Twelver Shia rituals of commemoration..
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). 'Iraqi women in Denmark.Ritual performance and belonging in everyday life'. Marianne Holm Pedersen.. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift..  (3.4), s 289- 292
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). Makt og motmakt i sjiaislamske lekfolkstyrte ritualer i Iran. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (1), s 31- 35
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). The «context» in the study of lived religion and contextual theology..
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Eternal Performance: Ta'ziyeh and Other Shiite Rituals. Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies.  ISSN 1748-9423.  5(3), s 349- 354
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Hvem er alawittene?. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (3)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Den visuelle dimensjonen i sjiaislamsk ritualpraksis. KRL-nett.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Den visuelle dimensjonen i sjiaislamsk ritualpraksis. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (3)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “ Religiøs symbolikk i en flerkulturell verden. Konfliktene rundt Muhammed-karikaturene”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “Profeten Muhammed i muslimske bildetradisjon”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “The ethnographer as photographer – Re-presenting piety and the politics of gendered space and gaze”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “The votive image in Shiism”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Hejab � bekledning som ikke-verbal kommunikasjon.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Islam � meir enn sjølvmordsbombararar. Kvinner i muslimske seremoniar i Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Kvinnespørsmålet i Iran gjennom modernisering og islamisering.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Representation and reception of Shia-Muslim iconography.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2003). Standard beareres of Hussein. Women Commemorating Karbala. [Video /  VHS]. Show summary
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2003). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2002). Shia-Muslim Women Commemorating Martyrdom in Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2002). Det kontroversielle bildet. Profeten Muhammad i islamsk bildekunst. DIN: Religionsvitenskapelig tidsskrift.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (2-3), s 56- 63
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2001). Feltarbeidsutfordringer i studiet av ritualer i Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2001). Islam og hellig krig.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Gender,Islam, and Human Rights in Norwegian Research.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Ikonografien i shia-muslimske forsamlingshus i Muharram.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Islam på norsk. Chaos. Dansk-norsk tidsskrift for religionhistoriske studier.  ISSN 0108-4453.  (34), s 114- 117
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Islam � konflikt og fiendebilder.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Tazia. Shiaislamske pasjonspill over et martyrium. Historie.  ISSN 0803-401X.  (1), s 50- 57
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Women and Ritual Performance in Gender-Segregated Society.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Laeng, Bruno (2000). Nordens Buddha. Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1771. Historie.  ISSN 0803-401X.  4, s 62- 70
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Laeng, Bruno (2000). Nordens Buddha. Emanuel Swedenborg (1699-1771.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Hellig historie som modell for frelsesvei og politisk ideologi.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Shia muslimsk pasjonsspill i Iran, en fortelling om et martyrium.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Bilde og skulptur som religionsfaglig kilde.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Den islamske familieloven: Spenning mellom norm og praksis.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Islam og figurativ kunst.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Sacred Place or Sacred Space? Spatial concepts in the study of women�s religious practice.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1997). En feministisk forståelse av islam.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1996). Feminist Muslim Writers.

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Published Aug. 5, 2013 4:53 PM - Last modified Mar. 17, 2018 1:05 PM