Ingvild Flaskerud

Senior Lecturer - Fagseksjonen
Image of Ingvild Flaskerud
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Phone +47-22850324
Mobile phone 91792519
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Visiting address Blindernveien 9 Domus Theologica 0371 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1023 Blindern 0315 OSLO

 

Academic Interests

Trained as an historian of religion, I have done extensive ethnographic field research among Twelver Shia communities in Iran and Northern Europe. My research focusses on aspects of Islam as lived religion, with attention to lay-people's belief, ritual practices, material culture, relationship to religious authorities, and religious transformation in migrancy.

My reception-oriented studies of the visual and material culture’s significance to devotion, emotions and ethics is ground-breaking.

Another field of interest is Muslim women as ritual leaders. Research from Iran and Norway demonstrates that women in gender-specific rituals are responsible for their management, organisation and financing, and are involved in mediating and interpreting religion.

A related topic is what happens when religious traditions, in particular rituals, is adapted to the migration context. How does one deal with internal cultural pluralism and generation differences? What is the role of non-Muslims and the society at large in shaping rituals? Does this change the meaning of the rituals?

In relation to religious continuity and renewal, I have also looked at Muslims’ pilgrimage practices in Europe. Studies suggest that Muslims continue to travel to long-established pilgrimage sites outside Europe, there is a revival of pilgrimage practices at old Muslim pilgrimage sites in the South-Eastern parts of Europe, new Muslim pilgrimage sites and practices are established in Western Europe, and Muslims express interest in visiting long-established Christian pilgrimage sites in Europe.

Another topic of interest is religious authority and the role of clerical guides, marja´ taqlid, in the everyday life of the Western emulator, muqallid. As a follow up to the authority issue, I am interested in how the younger generation contribute as renewers of tradition, interpreters and new leaders. Research suggests ethics to be more important than law.

Currently, I am part of a research project called “Place, Space and Practice. Religious Service that people want.” The PI is Elisabeth Tveito Johnsen, at the Faculty of Theology.

https://www.tf.uio.no/forskning/prosjekter/sted-rom-praksis/index.html

Latest publication:

2019 “The Quran as an Efficacious Text: Contemporary Iranian Twelver Shi´i Women Making the Quran Alive.” Ed. Alessandro Cancian.  Approaches to the Quran in Contemporary Iran. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 421.443. 

https://global.oup.com/academic/product/approaches-to-the-quran-in-contemporary-iran-9780198840763?cc=gb&lang=en&

 

Higher education and employment history

I hold a Ph.D. from The Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion at the University of Bergen (2008). My dissertation title was Visualizing Belief and Piety. Representation, Reception and Function of Imagery in Iranian Shiism.  The project was funded by the Norwegian Research Council. (Project Manager: Ingvild Flaskerud).

http://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/visualizing-belief-and-piety-in-iranian-shiism/title-pages/page/3

Between 2013 and 2016 I held a Post-doctoral position at The Faculty of Theology. I was member of Scandinavian project, Authority in Contemporary Shi’ite Thought and Practice. The project was funded by Vetenskapsrådet. https://webappl.web.sh.se/p3/ext/content.nsf/aget?openagent&key=projekt_page_1353924716834

Between 2010 and 2013, I held a Post-doctoral position at The University of Bergen. I was member of an international research project, Muslim devotional practices, aesthetics and cultural formation in migrancy. The project was funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

http://www.cmi.no/research/project/?1464=muslim-devotional-practices-aesthetics

I have previously been employed as Programme Fellow at The Centre for Peace Studies, University of Tromsø, and as Assistant Professor at the Department of Religious Studies, University of Tromsø (1997-2008).

Appointments

Editorial Advisory Board

  • Since 2015 Book series: The Shi´ah Institute Symposia Series. London: The Shi´ah Institute Press

https://www.shiahinstitute.org/publications/

Editorial Board

  • Since 2013 Journal of Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia. (ACME) Leiden: Brill.

http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/22115730

  • Since 2010 Book series: “Anthropology of Persianate Societies”. Wantage: Sean Kingston Publishing.

http://www.seankingston.co.uk/PersianateAnth.html

 

Cooperation

Honorary fellow at The Shi'ah Institute. Bloomsbury House, London.

Publications

Selected publication:

Anthology: Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe (with Richard J. Natvig, The University of Bergen), Routledge 24 August 2017

 
In spite of Islam’s long history in Europe and the growing number of Muslims resident in Europe, little research exists on Muslim pilgrimage in Europe. This collection of eleven chapters is the first systematic attempt to fill this lacuna in an emerging Research field. Placing the pilgrims’ practices and experiences centre stage, scholars from history, anthropology, religious studies, sociology, and art history examine historical and contemporary hajj and non-hajj pilgrimage to sites outside and within Europe.
 
We identity four courses of development. Muslims resident in Europe continue to travel to long-established pilgrimage sites outside Europe, particularly to perform hajj and umrah in Mecca, and pay visits (ziyarat) to shrine sites located elsewhere in the Middle-East and North-Africa. Secondly, there is a revival of pilgrimage practices at old Muslim pilgrimage sites in the South-Eastern parts of Europe. Thirdly, new Muslim pilgrimage sites and practices are established in Western Europe. And, fourthly, Muslims express interest in visiting long-established Christian pilgrimage sites in Europe. These practices point to simultaneous processes of continuity, revitalization, and innovation in the practice of Muslim pilgrimage in Europe.
 
Reviews
http://readingreligion.org/books/muslim-pilgrimage-europe
 

2010 Monografi: 2010 Visualizing Belief and Piety in Iranian Shiism. London and New York: Continuum.

The representation of prophets and saints in Islam is erroneously considered nonexistent by many scholars of Islam, Muslims, and the general public. The issue is often dealt with superficially without attention to its deep roots in piety and religiosity.
Combining iconographic and ethnographic approaches, Visualizing Belief and Piety in Iranian Shiism introduces and analyses imageries, ritual contexts and interviews with male and female local viewers to discuss the representation, reception and function of imageries in contemporary Iranian Shia environments. This book presents the argument that images and decorative programmes have stimulating qualities to mentally evoke the saints in the minds of devotees and inspire their recollection, transforming emotions and stimulating cultic behaviours. Visualization and seeing are significant to the dissemination of religious knowledge, the understanding of spiritual and ethical values, the promotion of personal piety, and functions as modes of venerating God and the saints.

https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/visualizing-belief-and-piety-in-iranian-shiism-9781441149077/

Literary salon

https://www.cmi.no/events/943-visualizing-belief-and-piety-in-iranian-shiism

Reviews

Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 2011

Culture and Religion 2011

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14755610.2011.603240

Contemporary Islam 2012

DOI 10.1007/s11562-012-0195-x

Journal of Contemporary Religion 2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13537903.2012.675801

Journal of Shia Islamic Studies 2012

DOI: 10.1353/isl.2012.0007

Iranian Studies 2013

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00210862.2012.758510

Filmography

 “Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala”  Produced by Ingvild Flaskerud. 35 min. 2003. DVD. 

Parallel to Shia-Muslim men’s mourning ceremonies during Muharram and Safar, women meet in gender-specific rituals in which they act as hosts, leaders, assistants, servants, lay participants, and economic supporters. In this film we meet two women in a major city in Iran, who host rituals in their home and in a private husseinieh, and one of the ritual leaders they invite to their ceremonies. The film focuses on how the historical event of the battle at Karbala acquires a meta-historical meaning. In Shia-Muslim belief the martyrs of Karbala are linked to the redemption on the Day of Judgement, as well being perceived as intercessors and protectors in this life. Thus, the ritual performances of these women are profoundly spiritual, while at the same time linked to social issues of contemporary Iran. In these rituals aesthetics is employed as an important intermediary between the two spheres.

Reviews

https://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/related-documents/standardbearers.pdf

* Visual Anthropology. 2009, Vol. 22, Nr.1, pp.71-72.

* British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 2007, Vol.34, No. 2, pp.240-241.

* Hamid Naficy: A Social History of Iranian Cinema. Durham and London: Duke University Press. 2012, Vol. 4 p. 77.

 

Filmscreening at selected festivals and conferences

2015    Conference Muslims, Migration and Sacred Objects. Aarhus, Moesgaard Museum, Dec. 2-4. Discussion with filmmaker.

2011    Symposium. How to film the religious - Sacredness in Documentary film. Methodological and theoretical issues. Le Centre national de la recherche scientifique (NCRS), Paris 7. November. Discussion with filmmaker.

2008    Conference Visual Representations of Iran. University of St. Andrews, Scotland June 13-16. Discussion with filmmaker.

2008    Film screening. March 8. celebration at the Faculty of Religious Studies, University of Leiden. Introduced by Prof. Heleen Murre-van den Berg.

2007    Workshop Women, Rituals and Ceremonies in Contemporary Shiite Communities and Islamic World. Centro Incontri Umani, Ascona, Switzerland, June. Discussion with filmmaker

2006    Filmfestival Moscow International Festival and Conference of Visual Anthropology. “Mediating Camera.” Seminar: “Rite, Culture, and Society in the Muslim World. Prospects of Visual Anthropology.” Discussent, Jean-Claude Penrad L’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales, Paris. Moscow, October 8-13.

2006    Conference The Art and Material Culture of Iranian Shiism. Oxford, July 7-8. Discussion with filmmaker.

2005    Filmfestival 24ème Bilan du Film Ethnographic. Museée de l’Homme, Paris, March 12-20. Introduction by Jean-Claude Penrad, L’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales, Paris. Discussion with filmmaker.

  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2019). Muslimske pilegrimspraksiser i Europa. Kirke og kultur.  ISSN 0023-186X.  123(1), s 60- 78
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2019). The Quran as an Efficacious Text: Contemporary Iranian Twelver Shi´i Women Making the Quran Alive., In Alessandro Cancian (ed.),  Approaches to the Quran in Contemporary Iran.  Oxford University Press.  ISBN 978-0-19-884076-3.  16.  s 421 - 444
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2018). `Street Theology?: Vernacular Theology and Muslim Youth in Norway. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.  ISSN 0959-6410. . doi: 10.1080/09596410.2018.1512286
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Leirvik, Oddbjørn Birger (2018). The Study of Islam between University Theology and Lived Religion: Introductory Reflections. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations.  ISSN 0959-6410. . doi: 10.1080/09596410.2018.1521561
  • Bøe, Marianne & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2017). A minority in the making: The shia muslim community in Norway. Journal of Muslims in Europe.  ISSN 2211-792X.  6(2), s 179- 197 . doi: 10.1163/22117954-12341347
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2017). Mediating Pilgrimage: pilgrimage remembered and desired in a Norwegian home community., In Ingvild Flaskerud & Richard Johan Natvig (ed.),  Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  2.  s 43 - 57
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Natvig, Richard Johan (2017). Introduction, In Ingvild Flaskerud & Richard Johan Natvig (ed.),  Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe.  Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  Introduction.  s 1 - 28
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2016). Ritual Creativity and Plurality. Denying Twelver Shia Blood-let Practices, In Ute Hüsken & Udo Simon (ed.),  The Ambivalence of Denial. Danger and Appeal of Rituals.  Harrassowitz Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-447-10570-5.  Chapter.  s 117 - 143
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2015). Aruze Qasem - A Theatrical event in Shia Female Commemorative Rituals., In Fahmida Suleman (ed.),  People of the Prophet's House.  Azimuth Editions.  ISBN 978-1-898592-32-7.  Chapter.  s 202 - 211
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2015). Women Transferring Shia Rituals in Western Migrancy., In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  Women Rituals and Ceremonies in Shiite Iran and Muslim >Communities Methodological and theoretical challenges..  LIT Verlag.  ISBN 978-3643906052.  Kapittel7.  s 115 - 134
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2013). Representing Spiritual and Gendered Space. Challenges in Audiovisual Recording of Iranian Shia Women’s Rituals. Anthropology of Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia.  ISSN 2211-5722.  1(1), s 21- 42
  • Bøe, Marianne & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). "Redaksjonelt". DIN - Tidsskrift for religion og kultur.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Redemptive Memories: Portraiture in the Cult of Commemoration, In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-0-415-52398-1.  Kapittel 1.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Redemptive memories: portraiture in the cult of commemoration. Visual Anthropology.  ISSN 0894-9468.  25(1-2), s 22- 46 . doi: 10.1080/08949468.2012.627830
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Ritualer som mikro-offentligheter. Religions- og samfunnsdebatt i Iran. DIN - Tidsskrift for religion og kultur.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1), s 118- 142
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Sjiaislamske ritualer som mikro-offentligheter : religions- og samfunnsdebatt i Iran. DIN - Tidsskrift for religion og kultur.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (1), s 118- 142
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2011). “The Votive Image in Shiism.”, In Pedram Khosronejad (ed.),  The Art and Material Culture of Iranian Shi'ism: Iconography and Religious Devotion in Shi'i Islam.  I.B. Tauris.  ISBN 978-1-84885-168-9.  Kapittel 6.  s 161 - 178
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Bildebruk og bildestrid i islam. DIN - Tidsskrift for religion og kultur.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (3-4), s 117- 140
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2005). Oh, my heart is sad. It is Moharram, the Month of Zaynab. Aesthetics and Women's Mourning Ceremonies in Shiraz, In Kamran Aghaie (ed.),  The Women of Karbala : Ritual Performance and Symbolic Discourses in Modern Shi'i Islam.  University of Texas Press.  ISBN 0292709366.  Kapittel.  s 65 - 91 Show summary
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Shia-Muslim Women as Ritual Performers in Iran, In Ingvar B. Mæle & Inger Marie Okkenhaug (ed.),  Women and Religion in the Middle East and the Mediterrranean.  Unipub forlag.  ISBN 82-7477-158-3.  Kapittel 6.  s 115 - 134
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Feministisk teologi i en islamsk kontekst, I:  Kritisk kunnskapspraksis - bidrag til feministisk vitenskapsteori.  Spartacus.  Kapittel 11.  s 225 - 240

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  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Natvig, Richard Johan (ed.) (2017). Muslim Pilgrimage in Europe. Routledge.  ISBN 9781472447470.  204 s.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (ed.) (2015). "Flagellation (as a religious ritual)". Brill Academic Publishers.  ISBN 978-90-04-28211-7.  2 s.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Visualising belief and piety in Iranian Shiism. Continuum.  ISBN 978-1-4411-4907-7.  299 s.
  • Okkenhaug, Inger Marie & Flaskerud, Ingvild (ed.) (2005). Gender, Religion and Change. Two Hundred Years of History. Berg Publishers.  ISBN 184520199X.  288 s. Show summary

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  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). If I disagree with my marja´, I change him. The authority of the marja´iya among Shias in Norway.”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). Internal ritual critique and the ambivalence in drawing blood in Twelver Shia rituals of commemoration..
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). 'Iraqi women in Denmark.Ritual performance and belonging in everyday life'. Marianne Holm Pedersen.. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift..  (3.4), s 289- 292
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). Makt og motmakt i sjiaislamske lekfolkstyrte ritualer i Iran. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (1), s 31- 35
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2014). The «context» in the study of lived religion and contextual theology..
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Eternal Performance: Ta'ziyeh and Other Shiite Rituals. Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies.  ISSN 1748-9423.  5(3), s 349- 354
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2012). Hvem er alawittene?. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (3)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Den visuelle dimensjonen i sjiaislamsk ritualpraksis. KRL-nett.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2010). Den visuelle dimensjonen i sjiaislamsk ritualpraksis. Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge.  ISSN 0802-8214.  (3)
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “ Religiøs symbolikk i en flerkulturell verden. Konfliktene rundt Muhammed-karikaturene”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “Profeten Muhammed i muslimske bildetradisjon”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “The ethnographer as photographer – Re-presenting piety and the politics of gendered space and gaze”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2006). “The votive image in Shiism”.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Hejab � bekledning som ikke-verbal kommunikasjon.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Islam � meir enn sjølvmordsbombararar. Kvinner i muslimske seremoniar i Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Kvinnespørsmålet i Iran gjennom modernisering og islamisering.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2004). Representation and reception of Shia-Muslim iconography.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2003). Standard beareres of Hussein. Women Commemorating Karbala. [Video /  VHS]. Show summary
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2003). Standard-bearers of Hussein. Women commemorating Karbala.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2002). Shia-Muslim Women Commemorating Martyrdom in Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Flaskerud, Ingvild (2002). Det kontroversielle bildet. Profeten Muhammad i islamsk bildekunst. DIN - Tidsskrift for religion og kultur.  ISSN 1501-9934.  (2-3), s 56- 63
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2001). Feltarbeidsutfordringer i studiet av ritualer i Iran.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2001). Islam og hellig krig.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Gender,Islam, and Human Rights in Norwegian Research.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Ikonografien i shia-muslimske forsamlingshus i Muharram.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Islam på norsk. Chaos - Skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier.  ISSN 0108-4453.  (34), s 114- 117
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Islam � konflikt og fiendebilder.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Tazia. Shiaislamske pasjonspill over et martyrium. Historie.  ISSN 0803-401X.  (1), s 50- 57
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (2000). Women and Ritual Performance in Gender-Segregated Society.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Laeng, Bruno (2000). Nordens Buddha. Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1771. Historie.  ISSN 0803-401X.  4, s 62- 70
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild & Laeng, Bruno (2000). Nordens Buddha. Emanuel Swedenborg (1699-1771.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Hellig historie som modell for frelsesvei og politisk ideologi.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1999). Shia muslimsk pasjonsspill i Iran, en fortelling om et martyrium.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Bilde og skulptur som religionsfaglig kilde.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Den islamske familieloven: Spenning mellom norm og praksis.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Islam og figurativ kunst.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1998). Sacred Place or Sacred Space? Spatial concepts in the study of women�s religious practice.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1997). En feministisk forståelse av islam.
  • Flaskerud, Ingvild (1996). Feminist Muslim Writers.

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Published Aug. 5, 2013 4:53 PM - Last modified Nov. 13, 2019 4:16 PM