At the Faculty of Theology, researchers in the Old Testament (the Hebrew Bible) focus particularly on Hebrew and Near Eastern wisdom literature and apocalyptic literature, as well as the question of what is good and relevant to the present in these texts – so-called hermeneutics.
The research area the Old Testament (OT) has long been expressly interdisciplinary. The area consists of linguistic, literary, historical, religious-historical and theological components, which form three different scholarly sectors:
- Near Eastern languages, primarily Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic, but also old Semitic languages (Accadian, Ugaritic, Syriac). In addition Greek and Latin.
- History: political history, cultural history, including archeology.
- Textual interpretation, or exegesis, is the traditionally largest sector. Here the subject works with contemporary text and interpretation theories. In addition, it works with genres and motifs in literary historical and comparative perspective.
- Making a gathered presentation, interpretation and evaluation of the religion of Ancient Israel, and of the theology of the writings of the OT. Here insights from all the sectors of the area meet, and this is where the area gives its clearest contribution to the discussion of Theology and religion today.